2021年諾貝爾物理學獎(官方).The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

日期:2021/10/06  

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded "for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems" with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming" and the other half to Giorgio Parisi "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."

2021 年諾貝爾物理學獎被授予“對我們理解複雜系統的開創性貢獻”,一半授予真鍋秀郎和克勞斯·哈塞爾曼,“對地球氣候的物理建模、量化可變性和可靠地預測全球變暖”,另一半授予 喬治·帕里西 (Giorgio Parisi) “發現了從原子到行星尺度的物理系統中無序和波動之間的相互作用。”

 

 

"for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems"
This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and the other half to Giorgio Parisi. They have laid the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it, as well as revolutionzed the theory of disordered materials and random processes.
Related articles

 

Press release: The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021


Popular information: They found hidden patterns in the climate and in other complex phenomena

 

Scientific background

 

“對我們理解複雜系統的開創性貢獻”
今年的諾貝爾物理學獎,一半授予真鍋休郎、克勞斯·哈塞爾曼,另一半授予喬治·帕里西。 它們為我們了解地球氣候以及人類如何影響它奠定了基礎,並徹底改變了無序材料和隨機過程的理論。
相關文章
新聞稿:2021 年諾貝爾物理學獎
熱門信息:他們在氣候和其他復雜現像中發現了隱藏的模式
科學背景

 

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in Physics

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded with one half jointly to Syukuro ManabeKlaus Hasselmann “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and the other half to Giorgio Parisi for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”.

2021 年諾貝爾物理學獎獲得者
今年的諾貝爾物理學獎一半授予真鍋秀郎、克勞斯·哈塞爾曼,“因為他在地球氣候的物理建模、量化可變性和可靠地預測全球變暖方面做出了貢獻”,另一半授予喬治·帕里西(Giorgio Parisi)“發現了地球氣候的相互作用” 從原子到行星尺度的物理系統的無序和波動”。

 

nterview

“I’m very happy that they put the attention on the climate problem”

Caught entirely unawares by the call from Stockholm, Klaus Hasselmann’s surprise is evident in this brief interview, recorded just minutes after the news of his Nobel Prize.

Read the interview

“我很高興他們把注意力放在氣候問題上”
克勞斯·哈塞爾曼 (Klaus Hasselmann) 完全沒有註意到斯德哥爾摩的電話,他的驚訝在這次簡短的採訪中顯而易見,這是在他獲得諾貝爾獎的消息後幾分鐘記錄的。

nterview

“Weather forecasting was more of an art, rather than science”

Establishing a firm scientific basis for predicting what will happen to the climate, and in the shorter term to weather, has been the challenge that has occupied Syukuro Manabe’s entire working life.

Read the interview

“天氣預報更像是一門藝術,而不是科學”
建立一個堅實的科學基礎來預測氣候會發生什麼,以及在短期內對天氣會發生什麼,一直是佔據真鍋秀郎整個工作生涯的挑戰。

 

Interview

"Fundamental science is crucial"

Listen to Giorgio Parisi, interviewed following the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Physics, and reflecting on the value of asking basic questions.

Read the interview
“基礎科學至關重要”
聆聽喬治·帕里西 (Giorgio Parisi) 在諾貝爾物理學獎宣布後接受采訪,並反思提出基本問題的價值。
 

Watch the prize announcement
"The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award…"
Watch the moment the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics is announced.

“瑞典皇家科學院決定授予……”
觀看 2021 年諾貝爾物理學獎宣布的那一刻。